The Hebrew word 'Yom' means day, but in what ways? How many ways? Ancient Hebrew texts, such as the Old Testament, required that their readers derive much of the meaning from context, if I'm not mistaken (?). Did 'Yom' mean something besides a literal 24-hour period? Please help. Thank you.
A Talmudic scholar could go on and on about something like this, but perhaps you could confine the scope of the question a bit. In some senses, yom is nearly identical in meaning to "day." However, there's a distinction in the convetion used to delimit the day in that Jewish days begin/end at sunset while midnight is the accepted demarcation for day qua "day." Also, keep in mind that the English word often takes an extension outside 24-hour period terminating with midnight. The notion of a Martian-day os wholly intelligible and reconcilable with the difference in rotational periodicity. There's also a somewhat fuzzy sense given by phrases such as "back in the day" or loosely to refer to any time or event.
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