Months of the Year
I was just wondering where the names of the months of the year originated from and what each name means?
They're Roman. June is for the goddess, Juno. July & August got inserted into the calendar, bumping September (sept- = 7) up by two to the 9th month. July is named after Julius Caesar, August after Augustus Caesar. "Oct-" means 8, so the eighth month got bumpedby two by the insertion of Jul & August to the 10th position, October. November, 9, and December, 10. January is named after the goddess, Janus; there was feast called Februa. "March" is actually from the Germanic, "mark," for boundary. Aprilis, the goddess, Maia, and back to Juno.

Lewis Joplin II
And the origin of month...

MONTH - Old English. "In ancient times the passing of time was recorded by noting the revolutions of the moon. Consequently prehistoric Indo-European had a single word, 'menes-, which denoted both 'moon' and 'month.' The Romances languages retain it only for 'month'" Latin 'mensis' (source of English 'menstrual') has given French 'nois,' Italian 'mese,' and Spanish 'mes.' The Germanic languages, however, have kept both, distinguishing them by different forms. In the case of 'month,' the Germanic word was 'maenoth,' which has differentiated into German 'monat,' Dutch 'maand,' Swedish 'manad,' Danish 'maaned,' and English 'month.'" From "Dictionary of Word Origins: the Histories of More Than 8,000 English-Language Words" by John Ayto (Arcade Publishing, New York, 1990). Page 353.

Plutarch (in "Nuna Pompilius," C.E. 75) has some interesting comments on the origin of the names of the months. These can be found (in translation fortunately) at:

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