The word calves indicates the muscles at the back of the lower leg. Where and when did these muscles get this name?How?
I'm not certain that there is any explanatory force toward the homonymous connection of "calf" for both the back of the shin and for the young of whales and goats, etc., but, etymologically, the former sense comes from Middle English, from Old Norse kAlfi and the latter from Middle English, from Old English cealf; akin to Old High German kalb calf.
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