Buck
shandar7
I am wondering if anyone knows why we call dollars "bucks"? How long has this been used...where did it come from??
AdSumADS
It's a bit murky but there are two major theory groups. One traces it to the use of bucks' skins (deer leather) as wampum. The other notes the use of silver dollars as bucks, which are mere markers used to indicate the player who's next to bet in poker games (see also, "pass the buck").

Take your pick but consider also a back-formation from "saw-buck." A "saw-buck" is a ten-dollar bill, so named because the Roman numeral for 10, X [sic], resembles a saw-horse. With scarce record, I'm not certain that the chronology doesn't support the theory of a later generalization of buck (simpliciter) to the unitary denomination.

Jaw Bone
The term "buck" came from the early trappers which used buck skins for money. They would spend months collecting the skin and then take it to trading post in order to trade for supplies and money. I.E. Trapper: "how much for the new saddle" Trader: "8 bucks"
pporro
See the deer? Does it have any Dough? Yes, two Bucks...

Sawbuck has been proposed to be what a lumberjack made for pay in a day. $10

The Pass The Buck for poker has been debated and unresolved. Although the Buck knife does make sense, it would be hard on the tables?

As does, The Buck Stops Here quotation for taking responsibility, instead of passing it on.

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